LAB OVERVIEW・研究室の紹介

Students in my laboratory are conducting research about the governance and policy dimensions of energy and sustainability challenges using a mixture of qualitative and quantitative techniques from the social sciences. Students learn to integrate empirical research with theoretical frameworks from a variety of fields such as sustainability transitions, innovation studies and political science. Current students are currently working on topics related to electric mobility, energy transitions, the phase-out of coal power and urban sustainability. 
Self-financed students interested in studying these topics at a PhD level starting in April 2023 should contact me.

当研究室の学生は、あらゆる社会科学分野における定性的・定量的な方法論を駆使して、エネルギー転換や持続可能性の課題に関するガバナンスと政策について研究し、研究活動を通じて、実証研究とサステイナビリティ・トランジションやイノベーション論、政治学などの分野からの理論的枠組とを統合することを学んでいます。下記の通り、学生たちが現在取り組んでいるテーマは、石炭火力・再生可能エネルギーに関連する政策と国際的な投資動向や、都市部における持続可能性の推進に向けたイノベーション、持続可能な交通などが挙げられます。

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Members  学生の紹介

濱野 敏寛(2022年4月入学)
私は、多くの企業や団体が研究・開発を進めている次世代モビリティと最先端な技術から離れた位置にいる高齢者を調査し、相反する2つのコンテンツがどこまで融合し、合致できるものになるのかを研究する。現在のモビリティでは、ただ単に人を輸送する役割のみを担っており、必ずしも利用者に寄り添ったビジネスやサービスを提供できているとは言いがたい。これは、モビリティがハード的な役割のみを提供しており、必要な場所に必要なタイミングで輸送するなどソフト的な役割ができておらず、ニーズにマッチしていないためだと考えている。そこには、人を輸送するだけでなく、+αの機能が求められている。世界では、Mobility as a Service(MaaS)やCASE(Connected、Autonomous、Shared & Services、Electric)の取り組みが進められている。日本においても、日本版MaaSの取り組みが始まり各地域で実証実験を行われている。一方で、日本が直面している高齢化社会で、高齢者が移動手段に抱えている問題は数多く、研究されている。しかし、こうした問題は単独で研究されていることが多く、次世代モビリティの側面とともに研究されていないため、解決に至っていないのが現状である。

 

李 勝楠 (2021年10月入学)

私は現在、中国における電気自動車の使用済み蓄電池の回収・リサイクルに関する政策、ビジネスモデルと市場のガバナンス戦略について研究を行っている。地球温暖化や大気汚染などの環境問題やエネルギー安全問題を解決するために、自動車の電動化が世界的に急務となっている。世界最大の電気自動車市場として、電気自動車の普及と共に、使用済み蓄電池の処理が大きな問題となっている。中国では、政府の政策が、電気自動車の普及と使用済み蓄電池のリサイクル産業の発展に重要な役割を果たしており、主たる企業のビジネスモデルに大きな影響を与えるため、アメリカや日本、ヨーロッパなどの先進事例を参照し、中国の使用済みバッテリーの回収•リサイクルを促進するための政策、市場戦略についての研究が必要である。本研究では、まず中国の使用済み蓄電池リサイクル市場の発展を妨げる原因、および、リサイクル市場を更に拡大するためには、如何なる改善が求められているのかを明らかにしていく。

Shengnan LI Research student (Joined October 2021)

Li is currently researching about the policy, business models and market strategies that affect the recycling of used Plug-in Electric Vehicle (PEV) batteries in China. As the largest PEV market (measured by on-road vehicle numbers), how to solve the problem of an increasing volume of used batteries is becoming an urgent problem. The policies that the Chinese government has published so far have played a key role in the diffusion of PEV and the development of the battery recycling industry. Therefore, research on policies related to the recycling industry is indispensable. What’s more, it’s necessary to promote the development of China's relevant policies and market strategies in this area by referring to advanced regions such as Japan, the United States, and Europe. Her research thus aims to explain what hampers the development of recycling market in China and what kind of improvement is required to further expand the battery recycling market.
 

 

Nhi TRUONG Doctoral Candidate (Joined October 2019)

Nhi is currently researching socio-technical lock-in factors that affect urban consumption and mobility. The theoretical part of her research has combined socio-technical systems and urban consumption to propose a framework that explains unsustainable urban consumption behavior. In addition, she is presently using this framework to learn about the situation of low adoption of electric vehicles in Vietnam, comparing the factors that hamper the diffusion of both electric two wheelers and electric four wheelers. 

Nhi previously worked as a Vice Director of the Center of Social and Community Development Research and Consultancy (SDRC) and a researcher of the Center of Regional and Urban Studies (CRUS) in Vietnam, and as a researcher at the Asian Institute of Technology in Thailand. 

Publications

Truong, N., Trencher, G., Matsubae, K., 2022. How Does Socio-Technical Lock-In Cause Unsustainable Consumption in Cities? A Framework and Case Study on Mobility in Bangkok. Frontiers in Sustainable Cities 4. **Open access**

Achmed EDIANTO Doctoral candidate (Joined October 2019)

Achmed is currently researching about the policy, market and environmental conditions that affect international investments in coal-fired electricity and renewable energy. The focus of this research is on using statistical analysis to elucidate the factors that have affected investments from China, Japan and Korea for power generation projects in a sample of some 25 countries.  

 

Before coming to Japan, Achmed worked as a program coordinator/specialist at World Wide Wildlife Fund (WWF) Indonesia in the climate and energy program. In this role, Achmed mostly worked on energy issues, sustainable finance, sustainable infrastructure, and social development. Prior to that, Achmed was a researcher in the Indonesian Institute for Energy Economics (IIEE). 

Publications

Edianto, A., Trencher, G., Matsubae, K. "Why do some countries receive more international financing for coal-fired power plants than renewables? Influencing factors in 23 countries". Energy for Sustainable Development 66: 177-188. **Open access**

 

Mei LI Doctoral candidate (Graduated March 2022, joint supervision with Dr. Asuka JUSEN)

Mei is currently researching the low-carbon transition of international oil and gas majors, the principal suppliers of fossil fuels to the global economy. Responding to climate change pressures, some majors are proclaiming themselves on the way to a green transition by pledging numerous strategies, including investment in renewable energy and other low-carbon technologies. This research aims to objectively determine the extent to which the major oil companies are actually divesting from fossil fuels and transitioning towards clean energy, as well as identifying the transition risks they are facing. It is expected the outcomes from this research would be helpful to understand the compatibility of the oil industry’s behavior and its alignment with global climate objectives to achieve a carbon free future. The methodology can also allow the public to track the actions of fossil fuel companies in this transition. 

 

Mei previously worked as a college lecturer in China where she joined an environmental economic project about the mitigation of carbon emissions in Zhejiang Province. 

Publications

Li M, Trencher G, Asuka J (2022) "The clean energy claims of BP, Chevron, ExxonMobil and Shell: A mismatch between discourse, actions and investments". PLoS ONE 17(2): e0263596. **Open access**

Coverage in media: The Guardian UK, National People's Radio USA, ABC News Australia, Carbon Brief England 

Coverage in Nature Energy: Here

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